개인적으로도 안면이 있는 오레곤 대학교의 이론물리학 교수 Steve Hsu의 조언입니다. 좋은 글이고, 한 번 생각해볼 만한 내용을 담고 있는 글이라 옮겨왔어요. (각 항목 아래 내용을 요약 혹은 짧은 코맨트를 달아둡니다.)
A friend who is starting graduate school asked for some advice.
1. There is often a tradeoff between the advisor from whom you will learn the most vs the one who will help your career the most. Letters of recommendation are the most important factor in obtaining a postdoc/faculty job, and some professors are 10x as influential as others. However, the influential prof might be a jerk and not good at training students. The kind mentor with deep knowledge or the approachable junior faculty member might not be a mover and shaker.
: 향후 진로에 도움이 될만한 지도교수 ≠ 정말로 무언가를 배울 수 있는 지도교수.
2.Most grad students fail to grasp the big picture in their field and get too caught up in their narrowly defined dissertation project.
: 전문가가 된다는 것이 종종 너무나 작은 영역만을 아는 사람이 된다는 것과 혼동이 될 때가 있습니다.
3. Benchmark yourself against senior scholars at a similar stage in their (earlier) careers. What should you have accomplished / mastered as a grad student or postdoc in order to keep pace with your benchmark?
: 선배 학자가 대학원생/박사후 연구원 시절 무엇을 이루었는지 벤치마크를 해보라.
4. Take the opportunity to interact with visitors and speakers. Don't assume that because you are a student they'll be uninterested in intellectual exchange with you. Even established scholars are pleased to be asked interesting questions by intelligent grad students. If you get to the stage where the local professors think you are really good, i.e., they sort of think of you as a peer intellect or colleague, you might get invited along to dinner with the speaker!
: 이 조언 정말로 좋습니다. 저녁을 먹으면서 '질문을 던지는 것'에서도 학자로서의 포텐셜과 역량을 읽기도 하니까요.
5. Understand the trends and bandwagons in your field. Most people cannot survive on the job market without chasing trends at least a little bit. But always save some brainpower for thinking about the big questions that most interest you.
: 트랜드를 무시하는 것 ≠ 중요한 문제를 성공적으로 풀어가는 것.
6. Work your ass off. If you outwork the other guy by 10%, the compound effect over time could accumulate into a qualitative
difference in capability or depth of knowledge.
: 아무리 열심히 일하는 것의 중요성을 강조해도 지나침이 없다.
7. Don't be afraid to seek out professors with questions. Occasionally you will get a gem of an explanation. Most things, even the most conceptually challenging, can be explained in a very clear and concise way after enough thought. A real expert in the field will have accumulated many such explanations, which are priceless.
: 교수를 찾아 질문하는 것을 두려워 말라 (그는 사실 질문 받는다는 걸 즐기고 있을 수도 있다!)
출처:Information Processing: Steve Hsu